American Imperialism – Causes and the Spanish-American War . 1. Why…

Question Answered step-by-step American Imperialism – Causes and the Spanish-American War . 1. Why… American Imperialism – Causes and the Spanish-American War. 1.  Why were many Americans interested in the island of Hawaii?    a)  They were a potential market for sugar produced in Florida.   b)  Many Americans desired pineapples produced on Hawaiian plantations.   c)  For the sugar that was produced on the islands’ plantations   d)  They feared that the people there would compete with American workers for jobs. 2.   President Grover Cleveland refused to annex Hawaii unless the native peoples there desired to become part of the American empire.  Through his actions, which of the following did Cleveland demonstrate?    a)  He was an ally of American planters.   b)  He was an anti-imperialist.   c)  He was an imperialist.   d)  He feared foreign intervention. 3.  When making the decision to annex the Philippines, William McKinley stated “that there was nothing left for us to do but to take them all [the Philippines], and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift and Christianize them.”  This quote shows which of the following influences on McKinley’s decision?     a)  His belief that Americans should colonize island nations.   b)  His belief in the cultural superiority of the Anglo-Saxon people.    c)  His belief that America needed foreign markets in which to trade.    d)  His desire to demonstrate the power of America’s steel navy.   4.  How was Puerto Rico affected by the Spanish-American War?     a) They were granted their independence at the end of the war.    b)  The US limited their ability to govern themselves.    c)  They became the United States’ leading trading partner.    d)  They still remained under Spanish rule. 5.  The US forced Cuba to include the Platt Amendment in their new constitution.  The amendment set several conditions the new Cuban government would have to follow, including giving the US the right to intervene in Cuba’s affairs.  How did the Platt Amendment affect Cuba?     a)  It ensured their complete independence from the US.    b)  It guaranteed that the US would help rebuild Cuba.    c)  American officials now governed the island nation.    d)  It allowed the US to interfere in Cuba’s affairs. 6.  Which of the following statements best describes the impact that American imperialism had on the Philippines?      a)  After purchasing them from Spain, they were soon granted their independence.     b)  US exploitation of the country’s natural resources did heavy damage to the environment.     c)  A bloody war was fought when the US refused to grant the Philippines its independence.     d)  The Roman Catholic religion was introduced to the Filipino people for the first time. 7.  How were the people of Cuba positively affected by American imperialism?      a)  Improvements in health, sanitation, and education were made.     b)  Their desire for complete independence was fully respected.     c)  The US developed programs designed to preserve their culture.     d)  Increased trade rapidly improved the lives of the people. 8.   Which of the following best reflects President McKinley’s position regarding the annexation of the Philippines?     a)  He thought that the Philippines deserved independence after the Spanish-American War.    b)  He thought that Spain should retain the islands since Cuba had been granted its freedom.    c)  He thought that Japan should be given the islands since they were so close to the Philippines.    d)  He believed that the US should annex the islands and educate and civilize the Filipinos. 9.  Anti-imperialists opposed annexation of the Philippines for which of the following reasons?     a) The US was violating their right to establish their own government.    b)  The US did not need the trade that the islands could provide.    c)  Christian missionaries warned that it was wrong to force religion upon people.    d)  The US would have to work with other nations to protect it from foreign powers. 10.  “Spanish Treachery!  Maine Destroyed in Cuban Waters!”  “Thousands of Patriotic Cubans Dying.  Will the US Allow This Tragedy to Continue?”  How did headlines like these published in the yellow press influence the American people?      a)  Very few people paid attention to them since they were concerned with economic problems in the US.     b)  The American people feared that such problems would lead to war with Spain, a war they hoped to avoid.     c)  People demanded that newspapers be less biased when reporting important stories in the press.     d)  It increased the outrage of the American people and further increased their support for war. 11.  How was the United States affected by the Spanish-American War?   a)  It revealed the weakness of the US Navy that relied on wooden ships.  b)  It ended in a stalemate with no acquisition of territory by either the US or Spain.  c)  The US became an imperialistic power in Latin America and Asia.  d)  Spain agreed to pay compensation to the families of sailors killed when the Maine exploded. 12.  Which of the following pieces of territory did the US NOT acquire as a result of the Spanish-American War?    a)  Guam   b)  The Philippines   c)  Puerto Rico   d)  Panama 13.  All of the following were causes of the Spanish-American War EXCEPT:    a)  the American yellow press who pushed for war with Spain.   b)  the explosion of the battleship Maine in Havana harbor.   c)  Spain’s seizure of American-owned property in Cuba.   d)  concern for the Cuban people who had been placed in concentration camps. 14.  “If America does not expand, we will explode.  We need places to sell our surplus farm products and our excess manufactured goods.  If we can gain access to foreign markets, we can escape the next depression and the unemployment that it brings.”  Which of the following factors was being used by the speaker to gain support for US imperialism?    a)  The desire for a strong steel navy   b)  The need for foreign trade   c)  Racism and Social Darwinism   d)  The closing of the frontier 15.  How did Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan try to promote American overseas expansion in his book, The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783?    a)  He argued that countries needed a modern steel navy to protect their foreign markets and interests.   b)  He said the yellow press needed to stimulate interest for such on the part of the American people.   c)  He said the US should use its military to fight other imperial powers in Asia and Latin America.   d)  He said that the Monroe Doctrine justified the United States in taking over all of Latin America. 16.  Which of the following would have been an idea supported by Americans who favored imperialism in the late 19th century?    a)  America needed to expand overseas.   b)  Additional territory should be taken from Mexico.   c)  Canada needed to be annexed by the US.   d)  The West needed to be fully settled before additional expansion took place. 17.  Which of the following is true regarding American imperialism in Hawaii?   a)  The native inhabitants of Hawaii wanted to become part of the American empire.  b)  White planters overthrew the government to protect their economic interests.  c)  Native Hawaiians were allowed to govern themselves but were given the protection of the US Navy.  d)  Native Hawaiians fought a bloody war against the American planters who denied them self-rule. 18.  Which of the following represents an attitude regarding race held by imperialists in the late 19th and early 20th centuries?    a)  American civilization was superior to those of “backwards” people in Asia and Latin America.   b)  Respect for different cultures and racial diversity needed to be a key part of American foreign policy.   c)  The US should not impose its culture on any group of people who did not wish to adopt it.   d)  People should embrace the opportunity to learn from different groups around the world 19.  Why did anti-imperialists oppose American expansion overseas?      a)  They thought the US needed to address problems at home like racism and Jim Crow.     b)  They were worried that Spain would seek revenge against the United States.     c)   They were concerned that foreigners were not prepared for self-government.     d)  They believed that transporting goods to foreign markets was too costly. 20.   Why were Americans interested in places like Hawaii and Cuba?       a)  Many Americans hoped to leave the US and settle in these foreign lands.      b)  They provided opportunities for US investors to make money by taking control of their resources.      c)  They wanted to defend the people from potential enemies like Germany and Japan.      d)  The native populations of those countries eagerly desired to adopt the Anglo-Saxon culture. 21.  Which of the following statements is true regarding US imperialism in Latin America and Asia?       a)  The US used its modern steel navy only after being attacked by Japan and Spain.      b)  The United States’ primary concern was to improve the lives of the people living there.      c)  The United States tried to protect its interests regardless of the desires of native peoples.      d)  Countries like Great Britain and Germany encouraged the US to take an active role there. 22.  What evidence suggests that the US recognized the importance of Hawaii before it became part of the American empire?       a)  The US stationed all of its steel navy in Hawaii.      b)  Pearl Harbor was acquired as a base for use by US ships.      c)  Many American companies established their headquarters in Honolulu.      d)  Many Americans wanted the US to take the islands from Spain.23.A.  This term means to take a smaller piece of territory and make it part of a larger nation.B.   Filipino leader who helped the US defeat Spain in the Philippines and then fought against them when denied independence.         History US History USHISTORY 300 Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

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