IPSY 6551 Walden University Wk 7 Construct Validity of OCEAN Measures Analysis Paper

Description

For this Assignment, you will use the SPSS data file provided to conduct an analysis of the construct validity (divergent and convergent validity) of the OCEAN measures. Assume that the following research questions and associated hypotheses have been developed based on the theory of personality associated with the OCEAN measure. In addition, the researcher has a measure of personality type that was also completed by the people in the sample. After conducting the analyses, you will summarize your conclusions in terms whether or not these analyses provide evidence of validity of the OCEAN measures.

RQ1: Males will demonstrate higher levels of Extroversion than females.

Ho1: There is not a significant positive correlation between gender and the OCEAN measure of Extroversion.

Ha1: There is a significant positive correlation between gender and the OCEAN measure of Extroversion.

RQ2: The OCEAN measure of Extroversion will correlate with an external measure of Extroversion from a measure of personality type.

Ho2: There is not a significant positive correlation between the OCEAN measure of Extroversion and a measure of Extroversion from a measure of personality type.

Ha2: There is a significant positive correlation between the OCEAN measure of Extroversion and a measure of Extroversion from a measure of personality type. The OCEAN measure of Conscientiousness should not be related to other measures derived from a measure of personality type.

Ho3: There are no significant correlations for the remaining OCEAN measures (Openness, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism) with the remaining measures of personality type (Sensing/Intuition, Thinking/Feeling, and Judging/Perceiving).

Ha3: There are significant correlations for the remaining OCEAN measures (Openness, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism) with the remaining measures of personality type (Sensing/Intuition, Thinking/Feeling, and Judging/Perceiving).

To prepare for this Assignment:

  • Review the Learning Resources about validity. Focus on how to evaluate a measure for construct validity.
  • Read the assigned pages in the SPSS Instructions on how to compute and display construct validity analyses.Use the table from the SPSS Instructions to properly organize, format, and present your construct validity analysis.

By Day 7

Submit a 2- to 3-page paper (not including references) that addresses the following:

  • Conduct a correlations analysis of gender with the OCEAN measures and the four measures of personality type. Then, present the results in an APA Style correlation table.
  • Interpret the correlations for the research questions and explain what conclusions you can draw about the validity of the OCEAN measure. If you are unfamiliar with type theory, please review the optional reading for this week.

Note: Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.

Resources

Carmines, E. G., & Zeller, R. A. (1979).Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences: Reliability and validity assessment. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412985642

Furr, R. (2011). Evaluating psychometric properties: dimensionality and reliability. In Furr, R. The Sage Library of Methods in Social and Personality Psychology: Scale construction and psychometrics for social and personality psychology (pp. 25-51). London: SAGE Publications Ltd doi: 10.4135/9781446287866

Furr, R. (2011). Generalizability theory. In Furr, R. The Sage Library of Methods in Social and Personality Psychology: Scale construction and psychometrics for social and personality psychology (pp. 110-125). London: SAGE Publications Ltd doi: 10.4135/9781446287866

Furr, R. (2011). Threats to psychometric quality. In Furr, R. The Sage Library of Methods in Social and Personality Psychology: Scale construction and psychometrics for social and personality psychology (pp. 67-76). London: SAGE Publications Ltd doi: 10.4135/9781446287866

Gao, X., & Harris, D. J. (2012). Generalizability theory. In H. M. Cooper, P. M. Camic, D. L. Long, A. T. Panter, D. Rindskopf, & K. J. Sher (Eds.), APA handbook of research methods in psychology, Vol 1: Foundations, planning, measures, and psychometrics (pp. 661–681). American Psychological Association. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1037/136…

Moyle, P., & Hackston, J. (2018). Personality assessment for employee development: Ivory tower or real world? Journal of Personality Assessment, 100(5), 507–517. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1080/002…

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