There have been several classic experiments to study and describe classical conditioning; one of the more famous is the Little Albert experiment. Over the years, the experiment has lost some of its validity due to numerous interpretations by several introductory psychology textbooks. It is, therefore, beneficial to go back to the original (or primary) source and read what the authors of the experiment themselves had to say.
Read the article and answer the following questions:
- In the study, what are unconditioned stimulus (US), conditioned stimulus (CS), and conditioned response (CR)?
- Explain the concept of generalization in regards to Watson and Rayners ability to condition Albert to react to different stimuli such as masks, other animals, and a fur coat?
- Using examples from the study, explain the concept of extinction.
Make sure you cite the article (see above for reference) you read as well as the textbook (used to explain classical conditioning).