Easter and Western Perspectives of Positive Psychology Questions

Description

Answer all the MC questions. All the answer can be found in: https://uk.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-bin… link of Chapter 2 of the book. Make sure the answer are 100% correct

QUESTION 1

1.While Western cultures have traditionally placed more emphasis on qualities such as self-efficacy, Eastern cultures have focused on ______.

a.

living well

b.

expressing emotions

c.

optimism

d.

hope

1 points

QUESTION 2

1.What contrast exists between Eastern and Western cultural views on optimal living?

a.

Eastern cultures view optimal living as spiritual transcendence, while Western cultures view it as a hopeful pursuit for better life on Earth.

b.

Western cultures view it as being righteous, while Eastern cultures perceive it as attaining higher wisdom.

c.

Eastern cultures interpret it as harmonious living, while Western cultures view it as living in an altruistic manner.

d.

Western cultures believe that it involves improving life, while Eastern cultures believe that it involves striving for higher achievements.

1 points

QUESTION 3

1.If you were following Aristotle’s teachings, how would you manage to become self-actualized regarding virtue?

a.

fulfilling other human needs

b.

living a life of sanction and order

c.

respecting the views of elders

d.

letting go of connections to others

1 points

QUESTION 4

1.In consideration of virtuous life, which of these describes a similarity that exists between the Seven Heavenly Virtues and The Talmud?

a.

charitability and hospitality to others

b.

seeking enlightenment

c.

connecting to the earth

d.

being active in the political community

1 points

QUESTION 5

1.If you were giving to the poor and are guided by Islamic principles, what guidelines would you have to follow?

a.

Providing options for the type of donation the recipient can accept, such as money or goods.

b.

Setting aside and donating a certain percentage of your earnings, depending on your income.

c.

Doing it in secrecy to maintain your humility and spare the recipient from embarrassment.

d.

Ensuring that someone has witnessed you being charitable to verify the act.

1 points

QUESTION 6

1.In what way is Confucianism like the teachings of Aristotle and Plato?

a.

Their views came about during times of peace and civility and aimed to continue this.

b.

They emphasize the responsibility of leaders to take charge of a group.

c.

There exists the need for a sense of humility so that people are not overconfident.

d.

Much of the focus is on etiquette and sensitivity for others.

1 points

QUESTION 7

1.By practicing humanity, justice, temperance, and propriety, and doing so without effort, what would a Taoist achieve?

a.

being reincarnated into a higher being

b.

enjoying the journey over the destination

c.

realizing naturalness and spontaneity in life

d.

finding joy in everyday living

1 points

QUESTION 8

1.Which of the following best describes the difference between premortal and postmortal nirvana states, as detailed in Buddhism?

a.

Premortal is related to the ultimate good in life, and postmortal is similar to heaven.

b.

Premortal involves suffering, and the postmortal state involves reaching the ultimate good.

c.

Premortal requires connections to others, and postmortal ceases those connections.

d.

Premortal involves removal from suffering, and postmortal is akin to removal from desire.

1 points

QUESTION 9

1.The belief that one unifying concept interconnects all people is crucial to Hinduism. Considering this, which human strength may be highly valued?

a.

competition

b.

achievement

c.

gratitude

d.

harmony

1 points

QUESTION 10

1.Which of these virtues do the authors discuss as being defined differently across religions?

a.

karma

b.

wisdom

c.

nirvana

d.

courage

1 points

QUESTION 11

1.In what way did hunter-gatherers begin to reflect the ideals of collectivism?

a.

They shared emotional bonds and resources to foster a sense of belongingness

b.

They encouraged members to enhance their survival skills to create a sense of competition

c.

They ensured that each member had a unique identity despite working together

d.

They fought with one another to keep the population at a manageable number

1 points

QUESTION 12

1.How would people from a collectivist culture view their role in a large company?

a.

They would assume that others are trying to take their position and work harder

b.

They would think that its importance is tied to their salary and duties

c.

They would look to improve their position in the company and receive promotions

d.

They would consider how their role helps the company perform

1 points

QUESTION 13

1.What does research indicate tends to occur as people get older?

a.

People become more collectivistic.

b.

People become more altruistic.

c.

People become more individualistic.

d.

People become more materialistic.

1 points

QUESTION 14

1.Which of the following best distinguishes Eastern and Western philosophical approaches to life?

a.

Easterners pursue emotional detachment, and Westerners seek freedom.

b.

Easterners try to endure all obstacles, and Westerners search for the ultimate good.

c.

Easterners seek out happiness, while Westerners avoid obstacles and hazards.

d.

Easterners attempt to find balance, but Westerners strive for happiness.

1 points

QUESTION 15

1.Which period marked the beginning of hope being viewed as more prevalent in present life?

a.

the Renaissance

b.

the Industrial Revolution

c.

the Middle Ages

d.

the Age of Enlightenment

1 points

QUESTION 16

1.If someone abides by the four universal virtues, which of the following would be the most significant to attain?

a.

high emotional intelligence

b.

transcendental compassion

c.

unconditional positive regard

d.

an indomitable will

1 points

QUESTION 17

1.Although it is highly valued in Eastern cultures, ______ has received minimal attention by positive psychology.

a.

uniqueness

b.

compassion

c.

harmony

d.

honor

1 points

QUESTION 18

1.What might be the result of holding both the ME and WE perspectives?

a.

There can be more meaningful interactions with those who hold different views.

b.

People can come together to create a new view.

c.

People can choose the most suitable perspective for their family to abide by.

d.

Someone can find out which perspective is better.

1 points

QUESTION 19

1.During interactions with individualists, a collectivist might find it suitable to discuss ______ to attain status with the individualists.

a.

recent accomplishments

b.

harmonious relationships

c.

the achievements of their peers

d.

rewards earned throughout their life

1 points

QUESTION 20

1.In contrast to Western students learning about and understanding different cultures in the classroom, what method(s) would a traditional Easterner use?

a.

reading and reflecting on the lessons learned

b.

reaching out to others from a different culture

c.

self-exploration and hands-on experience

d.

combining the cultural elements together

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