fill the blank space 1. The basic components of emotion are A)…

Question Answered step-by-step fill the blank space 1. The basic components of emotion are A)… fill the blank space1. The basic components of emotion are A) sympathetic arousal, parasympathetic inhibition, and cognitive labeling. B) physical gestures, facial expressions, and psychological drives. C) expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience. D) cognition, affect, and behavior. 2. Cassandra’s mother told her, “You know you are in love when your heart beats fast and you experience that unique trembling feeling inside.” This remark best illustrates the ________ theory of emotion. A) Cannon-Bard B) two-factor C) catharsis D) James-Lange 3. The idea that an emotion-arousing stimulus is simultaneously routed to the cortex and to the sympathetic nervous system is central to the A) James-Lange theory. B) relative deprivation principle. C) two-factor theory. D) Cannon-Bard theory. 4. According to the James-Lange theory, we experience emotion ________ we notice our physiological arousal. According to the Cannon-Bard theory, we experience emotion ________ we become physiologically aroused. A) before; before B) before; after C) after; at the same time as D) at the same time as; after Page 1 5. Research has shown that neck-level spinal cord injuries reduce the intensity of certain emotional experiences. This finding supports the A) Cannon-Bard theory. B) adaptation-level principle. C) James-Lange theory. D) catharsis hypothesis. 6. Our most rapid and automatic emotional responses may result from the routing of sensory input through the thalamus directly to the A) hippocampus. B) hypothalamus. C) cerebellum. D) amygdala. 7. Unlike the low-road brain pathway, the high road for emotional responses extends through the A) thalamus. B) cortex. C) hypothalamus. D) cerebellum. 8. As her professor distributed the mathematics test to the class, Blair’s heart started to pound and her palms began to sweat. These physiological reactions were activated by her ________ nervous system. A) sympathetic B) central C) somatic D) parasympathetic 9. When shown a face with an evenly mixed expression of fear and anger, ________ children were much quicker than other children to see anger. A) socially extraverted B) physically abused C) academically successful D) athletically skilled Page 2 10. The fact that people from widely different cultures display and interpret facial expressions of emotion in a similar manner best illustrates the impact of A) human genetic similarities. B) the adaptation-level phenomenon. C) the catharsis hypothesis. D) the spillover effect. 11. The tendency of facial muscle states to trigger corresponding feelings such as fear or happiness is called A) the spillover effect. B) the feel-good, do-good phenomenon. C) spontaneous remission. D) the facial feedback effect. 12. Psychologists defines stress as A) the experience of realistic anxiety. B) the process by which we appraise and respond to threatening or challenging events. C) an attempt to reach some important goal. D) physical, emotional, or mental exhaustion. 13. Luigi minimized the stress of testing positive for HIV by viewing this circumstance as an opportunity for a renewed religious commitment and spiritual growth. His reaction best illustrates the importance of A) spontaneous remission. B) thepersonality. C) biofeedback. D) stress appraisal. 14. As you are waiting to be interviewed for a job, your heart rate, body temperature, and breathing rate begin to increase. These physiological changes are produced by activation of the ________ nervous system. A) parasympathetic B) sympathetic C) somatic D) central Page 3 15. The three successive phases of the general adaptation syndrome are A) attention, comprehension, and resistance. B) alarm reaction, resistance, and exhaustion. C) adrenal release, cognitive appraisal, and stomach ulceration. D) reactive frustration, sympathetic arousal, and parasympathetic inhibition. 16. Cameron, a 50-year-old electrician, opens his pay envelope and, to his surprise, finds a pink slip inside indicating that he has been fired from his job. Which phase of the general adaptation syndrome is Cameron most likely experiencing? A) resistance B) alarm reaction C) adjustment D) exhaustion 17. Aging women who had experienced prolonged stress as caregivers for children with serious disorders experienced a premature decrease in the size of their A) adrenal glands. B) frontal lobes. C) telomeres. D) lymphocytes. 18. A psychophysiological illness is A) any physical illness that produces a psychological disorder. B) a stress-related physical illness such as hypertension. C) a disease of the central nervous system. D) any psychological disorder that has a genetic component. 19. Andrea’s physician has suggested that a program of relaxation training would provide the best treatment for her high blood pressure. The physician probably considers Andrea’s hypertension to be a(n) ________ illness. A) immune deficiency B) carcinogenic C) psychophysiological D) respiratory Page 4 20. After experiencing the stress of losing her job, Colleen suffered an increased incidence of cold and flu infections. Her increased illness is best attributed to reduced levels of A) oxytocin. B) carcinogens. C) lymphocytes. D) blood pressure. 21. Avoiding stress is LEAST likely to inhibit the progression of ________ in humans. A) bacterial infections B) viral infections C) coronary heart disease D) advanced cancer 22. The risk of coronary heart disease is increased by A) biofeedback. B) a Type B personality. C) high blood pressure. D) natural killer cells. 23. Bernard is an ambitious, highly competitive corporate lawyer who recently had a heart attack. He tends to be impatient and a perfectionist, and he gets angry over little things. Research suggests that Bernard’s susceptibility to heart attacks may be most closely linked to his A) ambition. B) anger. C) perfectionism. D) competitiveness. 24. A Harvard School of Public Health research team studied 1306 initially healthy men over a 10-year period. They found that ________ were more than twice as likely as ________ to develop heart disease. A) introverts; extraverts B) married men; single men C) Type B personalities;personalities D) pessimists; optimists Page 5 25. Mental health workers label behavior as disordered when it is A) aggressive, persistent, and intentional. B) selfish, habitual, and avoidable. C) deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional. D) biologically influenced, unconsciously motivated, and difficult to change. 26. According to the medical model, psychological disorders are A) sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and in most cases cured. B) maladaptive responses to a troubling environment. C) purely imaginary symptoms of distress. D) learned habits that need to be extinguished. 27. It would be most difficult to use the ________ to explain why anorexia nervosa occurs mostly in Western cultures. A) learning perspective B) medical model C) social-cognitive perspective D) biopsychosocial approach 28. Both the inseparability of mind and body and the interaction of nature and nurture are most clearly emphasized by A) DSM-IV-TR. B) the medical model. C) the learning perspective. D) the biopsychosocial approach. 29. The DSM-IV-TR is most clearly designed to ________ psychological disorders. A) explain B) classify C) cure D) prevent 30. DSM-IV-TR focuses on clinicians’ reports of observable behavior in order to A) facilitate the reliability of diagnoses. B) shorten the time it takes to make a diagnosis. C) avoid invading clients’ psychological privacy. D) reduce the need for medical terminology in psychological assessments. Page 6 31. A fundamental problem with the diagnostic labeling of psychologically disordered behaviors is that the labels often A) bias our perceptions of the labeled person. B) represent attempts by psychologists to explain behavior by simply naming it. C) interfere with effective research on the causes of these disorders. D) interfere with effective treatment of these disorders. 32. Rishi, a college student, complains that he feels apprehensive and fearful most of the time but doesn’t know why. Without warning, his heart begins to pound, his hands get icy, and he breaks out in a cold sweat. Rishi most likely suffers from A) post-traumatic stress disorder. B) obsessive-compulsive disorder. C) generalized anxiety disorder. D) a phobia. 33. While he was studying, Matthew was suddenly overwhelmed by feelings of intense apprehension. For several minutes he felt so agitated that he could not catch his breath. Matthew was most likely suffering from A) agoraphobia. B) a panic attack. C) obsessive-compulsive disorder. D) a delusion. 34. Which of the following disorders is characterized by the most sudden and unpredictable episodes of distress? A) social phobia B) panic disorder C) specific phobia D) alcohol dependence 35. Kaylee is so afraid of spiders and insects that she avoids most outdoor activities and even refuses to go to the basement of her own house alone. Kaylee appears to suffer from A) obsessive-compulsive disorder. B) personality disorder. C) generalized anxiety disorder. D) a phobia. Page 7 36. An incapacitating and highly distressing fear about being embarrassed in the presence of others is most characteristic of A) panic disorder. B) social phobia. C) antisocial disorder. D) obsessive-compulsive disorder. 37. The billionaire aviator Howard Hughes insisted that his assistants perform elaborate hand-washing rituals and wear white gloves when handling any document he would later touch. His behavior best illustrated the symptoms of A) antisocial disorder. B) obsessive-compulsive disorder. C) bipolar disorder. D) social phobia. 38. Two years after being brutally beaten and raped, Brianna still experiences jumpy anxiety and has trouble sleeping and vivid flashbacks of her assault. Brianna is most clearly showing signs of A) panic disorder. B) post-traumatic stress disorder. C) generalized anxiety disorder. D) social phobia. 39. A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by A) delusions of persecution. B) alternations between extreme hopelessness and unrealistic optimism. C) a persistent irrational fear of other people. D) feelings of personal worthlessness. 40. For the last month, Gabrielle has felt lethargic and has been unable to get out of bed in the morning. She has withdrawn from friends and family because she feels worthless and unlovable. Gabrielle is most likely suffering from A) agoraphobia. B) major depressive disorder. C) PTSD. D) bipolar disorder. Page 8 41. In which disorder do people alternate between states of lethargic hopelessness and wild overexcitement? A) panic disorder B) bipolar disorder C) obsessive-compulsive disorder D) schizophrenia 42. George Frideric Handel composed his Messiah during three weeks of intense, creative energy. Many believe Handel suffered a mild form of A) seasonal affective disorder. B) dissociation. C) bipolar disorder. D) catatonia. 43. Depression is more likely to be a shared tendency between identical twins than between fraternal twins. This most clearly supports explanations of this mood disorder from a ________ perspective. A) psychoanalytic B) biological C) social-cognitive D) humanistic 44. Depressed people explain their failures in terms that are internal, stable, and global. Their explanations tend to be self-focused and A) catatonic. B) dissociative. C) overgeneralized. D) free-floating. 45. Jabar, a 25-year-old auto mechanic, thinks he is Napoleon. He further believes he is being imprisoned against his will in the psychiatric hospital where his relatives have brought him for treatment. Jabar is most likely suffering from A) obsessive-compulsive disorder. B) schizophrenia. C) panic disorder. D) dissociative identity disorder. Page 9 46. Mr. Hunt believes that he is the president of the United States and that he will soon become the ìKing of the Universe.î Mr. Hunt is most clearly suffering from A) delusions. B) obsessions. C) hallucinations. D) compulsions. 47. In which type of disorder is a person’s speech likely to be so full of unrelated words and phrases that it could be characterized as a ìword saladî? A) panic disorder B) obsessive-compulsive disorder C) schizophrenia D) dissociative disorder 48. Wilma is extremely agitated because she hears voices that tell her to sexually seduce the male nurses in her hospital ward. Wilma is most clearly suffering from A) flat affect. B) catatonia. C) delusions. D) hallucinations. 49. Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity are most characteristic of ________ disorders. A) bipolar B) personality C) generalized anxiety D) dissociative 50. Exhibiting two or more distinct and alternating personalities is a symptom of a(n) A) social phobia. B) dissociative disorder. C) obsessive-compulsive disorder. D) antisocial personality disorde Health Science Science Nursing Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

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